What are the characteristics of common clothing fabrics?

Cotton (COTTON)
1. Good hygroscopicity, soft to the touch, hygienic and comfortable to wear;
2. The wet strength is greater than the dry strength, but overall firm and durable;
3. Good dyeing performance, soft luster and natural beauty;
4. Alkali resistance, high temperature alkali treatment can be made into mercerized cotton
5. Poor wrinkle resistance and large shrinkage;
cleaning method:
1. Good alkali resistance and heat resistance, can use various detergents, can be hand washed and machine washed, but should not be bleached with chlorine;
2. White clothes can be washed at high temperature with strong alkaline detergent, which has a bleaching effect;
3. Do not soak, wash in time;
4. It should be dried in the shade and avoid exposure to the sun to avoid fading of dark clothes. When drying in the sun, turn the inside out;
5. Wash separately from other clothes;
6. The soaking time should not be too long to avoid fading;
7. Do not wring dry.
1. Do not expose to the sun for a long time, so as not to reduce the fastness and cause fading and yellowing;
2. Wash and dry, separate dark and light colors;
3. Pay attention to ventilation and avoid moisture to avoid mildew;
4. Underwear cannot be soaked in hot water to avoid yellow sweat spots.

Hemp (LINEN)
1. Breathable, have a unique cool feeling, and do not stick to the body when sweating;
2. Rough feel, easy to wrinkle and poor drape;
3. Hemp fiber steel is hard and has poor cohesion;
cleaning method:
1. The washing requirements for cotton fabrics are basically the same;
2. When washing, it should be softer than cotton fabrics, avoid scrubbing with force, avoid scrubbing with hard brushes, and avoid twisting forcefully.
Basically the same as cotton fabrics.

wool (WOOL)
1. Protein fiber
2. Soft and natural luster, soft to the touch, more elastic than other natural fibers such as cotton, linen, silk, good wrinkle resistance, good wrinkle forming and shape retention after ironing
3. Good heat retention, good sweat absorption and breathability, comfortable to wear
cleaning method:
1. Not alkali resistant, neutral detergent should be used, preferably wool special detergent
2. Soak in cold water for a short time, and the washing temperature does not exceed 40 degrees
3. Use squeeze washing, avoid twisting, squeeze to remove water, spread out in the shade or fold in half to dry in the shade, do not expose to the sun
4. Wet shaping or semi-dry shaping to remove wrinkles
5. Do not use a pulsator washing machine for machine washing. It is recommended to use a drum washing machine first, and you should choose a light wash gear.
6. High-grade wool or wool and other fibers blended clothing, it is recommended to dry clean
7. Jackets and suits should be dry cleaned, not washed
8. Never use a washboard to scrub
1. Avoid contact with sharp, rough items and strong alkaline items
2. Choose a cool and ventilated place to cool and dry, and store it after drying, and place an appropriate amount of anti-mold and anti-moth agents.
3. During the collection period, the cabinets should be opened regularly, ventilated and ventilated, and kept dry
4. In the hot and humid season, it should be dried several times to prevent mildew
5. Do not twist


Silk (SILK)
1. Protein fiber
2. Full of luster, with a unique "silk sound", smooth to the touch, comfortable to wear, elegant and luxurious
3. Higher strength than wool, but poor wrinkle resistance
4. It is more heat-resistant than cotton and wool, but has poor light resistance
5. It is stable to inorganic acid and sensitive to alkali reaction
cleaning method:
1. Avoid alkaline detergents, neutral or silk-specific detergents should be used
2. Wash in cold or warm water, do not soak for a long time
3. Gently wash, avoid twisting, avoid hard brushing
4. It should be dried in the shade, avoid the sun, and should not be dried
5. Some silk fabrics should be dry cleaned
6. Dark silk fabrics should be rinsed with water to avoid fading
7. Wash separately from other clothes
8. Do not twist
1. Exposure to the sun, so as not to reduce the fastness and cause fading and yellowing, and the color will deteriorate
2. Avoid contact with rough or acid and alkali substances
3. It should be washed, ironed and dried before storage, preferably stacked and wrapped with cloth
4. It is not advisable to place mothballs, otherwise the white clothes will turn yellow
5. Pad cloth when ironing to avoid aurora

1. Regenerated fibers have the same main components as cotton and hemp, both of which are cellulose
2. Bright colors, soft touch, comfortable to wear
3. Poor wrinkle resistance, not stiff
4. The shrinkage rate is large, and the wet strength is about 40% lower than the dry strength
5. Tencel (Tencel) wet strength is only reduced by 15%
cleaning method:
1. Cotton fabric washing requirements are basically the same
2. When washing, it should be softer than cotton fabrics, avoid scrubbing hard, avoid hard brushing, avoid twisting forcefully, and fold it to squeeze water.
3. Immerse as you choose, the water temperature should not exceed 45 degrees
4. Avoid exposure to the sun, should be dried in the shade
5. Wash separately from other clothes
Basically the same as cotton fabric

Polyester (dacron)
1. Strong and durable, wrinkled and stiff, good dimensional stability
2. Poor water absorption, easy to wash and dry, no ironing
3. Easy to generate static electricity, easy to pilling
4. Not comfortable to wear
cleaning method:
1. Can be washed with various detergents and soaps
2. Washing temperature below 45 degrees Celsius
3. Machine washable, hand washable, dry cleanable
4. Can be washed with a brush
1. Do not expose to the sun
2. Do not dry

Nylon, also known as nylon (nylon)
1. Good elasticity and wear resistance
2. Not fast to sunlight, easy to age
cleaning method:
1. Use general synthetic detergent, the water temperature should not exceed 45 degrees
2. Can be twisted lightly, avoid exposure and drying
3. Low temperature steam ironing
4. After washing, ventilate and dry in the shade
1. Ironing temperature should not exceed 110 degrees
2. Be sure to use steam when ironing, not dry ironing

Proline (Synthetic)
1. Lightfastness
2. Light weight, warm, strong feel, poor drape
cleaning method:
1. Gently knead and wring to remove water
2. Pure profibre can be dried, and blended fabrics should be dried in the shade
Spandex / Lycra)
1. Good elasticity, known as elastic fiber, can be washed or dry cleaned, low temperature steam ironing
All cotton mercerized.
2. The high-count cotton fabric is treated with high-concentration caustic soda, and then treated with high-quality softener. It has a silk-like luster and is refreshing, smooth and comfortable to wear.
3. Single mercerization is one light treatment, double mercerization is two times of mercerization treatment, the effect is better
cleaning method:
Same cotton fabric Same cotton fabric

wool polyester fabric
1. Combine the advantages of wool and polyester
2. Light and thin texture, good wrinkle recovery, durable wrinkle, stable size, easy to wash and quick-dry, firm and durable
3. Not moth-eaten, but not as smooth as full hair
cleaning method:
1. Neutral detergent or special wool detergent should be used instead of alkaline detergent
2. Gently rub and wash vigorously, do not twist, and dry in the shade
3. Dry cleaning is recommended for high-end clothes
4. Suits and jackets should be dry cleaned, not washed
Mosquito and mildew proof

T/R fabric
1. Belongs to synthetic fiber, man-made fiber polyester and viscose blended fabric, cotton type, wool type, etc.
2. Flat and clean, bright colors, good elasticity, good moisture absorption, firm and wrinkle-resistant, dimensionally stable
3. Good air permeability and anti-melt porosity, reducing fabric fluff, pilling and static electricity, but poor ironing resistance
cleaning method:
1. The water temperature is below 40 degrees
2. Medium temperature steam ironing
3. Can be dry cleaned
4. Suitable for drying in the shade
5. Do not wring dry

Polyurethane resin synthetic leather (coated fabric) PVC/PU/semi-PU
1. High strength, thin and elastic, soft and smooth, good air permeability and water permeability, and waterproof
2. It still has good tensile strength and flexural strength at low temperature, and has good light aging resistance and hydrolysis resistance stability
3. Flexible and wear-resistant, the appearance and performance are close to natural leather, easy to wash and decontaminate, and easy to sew
4. The surface is smooth and compact, and various surface treatments and dyeing can be carried out.
cleaning method:
1. Clean with water and detergent, avoid gasoline scrubbing
2. No dry cleaning
3. Can only be washed with water, and the washing temperature cannot exceed 40 degrees
4. Do not expose to sunlight
5. Can not contact some organic solvents

Post time: Oct-11-2022